Acne is the most common skin condition that affects over 50 million Americans each year. It usually begins at puberty and lasts through teenage years or young adulthood, affecting approximately 85 percent of individuals between the years of 12 and 24. However, acne can even be a chronic issue for people in their 30s or 40s. There are various acne skin treatment options suggested by dermatologists, and choosing the right skin-care treatment which works for you, can be difficult. That is why it is important to get input from a professional, such as the ones available at Chic Derm & Aesthetics.
Acne is caused when excess oil (sebum), dirt, bacteria, or dead skin cells clog the skin’s pores. It typically occurs during puberty when a hormone called androgen increases and produces high volumes of sebum. Acne can also result from genetic influence, stress, diet, smoking, and pore-clogging cosmetics. Acne can either be inflammatory or non-inflammatory.
Acne begins when the hair follicles become clogged with sebum buildup, causing blackheads or whiteheads. The Cutibacterium acnes is usually found in the pores, feeds on the excess sebum and proliferates, causing reddish inflammation known as papules. When papules are filled with pus at the tip, they are called pustules. When many pustules come together, they form nodules or cysts.
If you have acne, it will present as:
- Open comedones (blackheads) – small, dark bumps that look like black dots
- Closed comedones (whiteheads) – small, white, round bumps
- Papules – small, red, raised bumps
- Pustules – small, red pimples with pus at their tips damages the underlying tissue
Acne in skin of color
Skin of color is more prone to developing dark spots or patches from acne. The patients usually do not develop redness. Therefore, acne can often be misdiagnosed. The skin of color is also more prone to developing acne as a result of hair products. Pomade acne usually occurs in African American women along the hairline due to using pomades or other pore-clogging hair products.
Benefits of early Acne Skin treatment
- Prevents mild acne from progressing to severe acne
- Reduces scars and prevents permanent scarring
- Gets faster treatment results
- Prevents the need for strong acne medication
- Avoids going through years with acne
- Prevents emotional distress
Acne Treatment options in Allen
Acne is usually treated with topical or oral treatments. Topical acne treatment is used as first-line therapy for patients with mild acne and prevents the development of new comedones. Topical acne treatment usually includes retinoids, topical antibiotics, and antimicrobials. It can be in the form of ointments, creams, gels, or lotions that need to be applied to the affected area. Topical treatment usually starts with a low dose, so patients build tolerability to avoid side effects.
Advanced Treatment options For Acne
Oral treatment such as oral antibiotics or oral retinoids, on the other hand, are advanced treatment options in which candidates need to fit some criteria for a prescription. Oral treatment is only prescribed to patients with moderate to severe acne, patients in which topical therapy was unsuccessful, or patients whose acne covers a large area. Candidates for oral treatment should know the potential side effects, such as increased skin sensitivity in the sun, depression, or severe birth defects if taken by pregnant women.
Even after acne is treated, acne scars are usually left behind. Our clinic offers chemical peels, fillers, PRP, Microdermabrasion, Microneedling, or laser treatments for the successful removal of acne scars.
What to expect from your Skincare treatment for Acne?
Acne treatment takes time to work, usually taking around 6-8 weeks. It is normal to have some minor side effects from acne treatment such as dryness, itching, burning or stinging, redness, and peeling.
Why is your acne not resolving?
If your acne is not resolving despite treatment, it is important to consult an expert skin care specialist to treat acne and consider the following
- Give the treatment time to work, and don’t switch between treatments.
- Properly follow treatment directions such as applying a topical cream to the entire affected area and not only on breakouts.
- Avoid cosmetics that can cause acne.
- Avoid popping your acne.
- Visit your doctor regularly for follow-ups.